Portrait of young black woman sneezing in to tissue at home. Sick african woman wrapped in blanket sitting on sofa blowing her nose at home. Ill girl sneezing with runny nose in winter.

What To Know About Sinuses?

Sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is caused by the swelling of the sinuses and passages. Sinus infection can lead to many disorders in the body. These disorders are concentrated in the upper body. Based on the anatomy of the sinuses (paranasal sinuses), there are four main pairs of sinuses within the skull.

Let’s unerstand it

They are connected to the nasal passage spaces and nostrils. They protect the skull. There are four main pairs. The forehead houses the frontal sinuses. The sphenoid or backal sinuses are located at the back of your eyes. The defense of the sinuses against foreign viruses and bacteria is called germs. If this defense is compromised, bacteria can enter any of the major sinuses.

The bacteria will stick to the cell membrane and cause swelling. There are two types: chronic sinus and acute sinus. Acute sinus, also known as sudden onset sinus, usually lasts no more than eight weeks. This happens no more than three times per year. Acute sinus attacks do not last more than a few days.

Take into account

Chronic sinus (or long-term sinus) lasts longer. It can occur up to four times per year. Each attack lasts more than 20 days. Different symptoms can be caused by sinuses. You may experience heavy headaches, ear problems, allergies, congestion, and other chronic symptoms. Sinusitis can be caused by allergies, bacterial infections, dust, smoking, and other irritants at home, school, or work.

A person with sinusitis will experience pain on one side of their face, swelling around the eyes, and post nasal drip. A fever may also occur so be aware. There are many medications that can be used to treat sinusitis. Antibiotics can be used to treat acute sinusitis, especially if it is a bacterial infection. Stuffy nose can be prevented by antibiotics.

What to do?

Drink lots of water and other fluids, such as tea or fruit juices, to combat viral infections. You can also try home remedies like boiling water and inhaling steam. Or rubbing a vaporizer onto your chest, back, and nasal area. These home remedies can temporarily relieve pain and allow patients to breathe easier. These are especially helpful when you want to sleep soundly at night. It is best to see a doctor if the sinuses persist for several weeks or months.

Sometimes, the sinus may be a sign of a more serious condition. Prevention is the best treatment. Living a healthy lifestyle is key to your success. Get as much sleep as you can. Avoid vices such as smoking cigarettes, which can weaken your immune system and make it more vulnerable to getting sinus infections. Regular exercise will improve your endurance and stamina.