It is important to first understand what a migraine is before you can describe its symptoms and causes. Migraines are not an ordinary headache. Those who have it will be able to tell you. Migraine headaches can be severe and permanent and are often accompanied by a variety of other symptoms. Migraines can be caused by a narrowing of the blood vessels in the brain. This reduces blood flow to that area. These arteries then dilate or widen.
This is why migraine headaches often have a unique throbbing sensation. The symptoms of migraine can vary from person to person. One in five migraine sufferers will experience what is known as a classic migraine. A visual disturbance called an aura is often associated with classical migraines. A migraine is preceded by flashing light in front the eye. This can occur in conjunction with pins, needles, altered taste and smell.
Patients often see flashing lights or zigzag patterns of brightly-colored lights. Sometimes, this is only one eye. This aura can last anywhere from 10 to 30 minutes. The aura is usually followed by a headache. However, some migraine sufferers only feel the aura. This is called an ocular migraine.
The main symptom of a migraine is usually a severe to moderate headache. It is usually located on one side of your head, but can also alternate between the two. It can be a throbbing, pulsating headache that gets worse with exercise. Sometimes there is pain behind your eyes. This can be treated with painkillers or a cold compress. Migraines are more common in women than in men. This is due to hormonal changes.
Migraines can occur just before or after menstruation. A migraine sufferer might experience more than just headache symptoms.
- Very cold hands and feet.
- Feelings of dizziness or disorientation may occur if the patient has a visual disturbance.
- Temporary paralysis on one side is a very troubling symptom of migraine.
This is called a hemipleic headache and can be extremely frightening if it is the first time. This can mimic symptoms of strokes and it is important to have your doctor check for migraine symptoms. Migraine sufferers are often sensitive to light and sound during attacks. It is well-known that a darkened, quiet place is a good place to reduce the symptoms and speed up recovery.
Some people miss the warning signs of a migraine before they become serious. Migraine symptoms can appear well before an attack. Migraine symptoms can be detected early by cravings for sweets, irritability, drowsiness and depression. There are many things that can trigger migraines, including certain foods, stress, tension, hormonal fluctuations, and dehydration. If you suffer from migraines, it is important to identify your triggers and avoid them whenever possible.
Migraines are often not diagnosed and treated properly. It is worth keeping a log of migraine symptoms and any other symptoms. Find out what triggers your migraine attacks. Migraines, while common, can cause severe disruption to your daily life. There are many treatments that can be used to relieve migraine symptoms.