Medical illustration of virus cells and antibodies

Jak działa Twój układ odpornościowy przeciwko HIV?

Over the years, many researches have been done to fully understand the consequences of hiv on the immune system. And recent studies have suggested that HIV quickly reproduces and destroys numerous wholesome cells every day. In actuality, it greatly influences the gain in the invasion of immune system disease.

HIV

However, progression of HIV may vary greatly from patient to patient. Some individual can even impede its growth up to ten years or more. HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is responsible for the progress of a condition called AIDS. AIDS is a medical condition wherein the immune system becomes vulnerable to several kinds of viruses, bacteria and disease as it’s not functioning properly. HIV is classified under the category of retroviruses.

These are types of viruses which are capable of replicating and copying our body’s RNA into DNA. As a matter of fact, scientists are astounded by the ability of the HIV virus because no viruses are capable of doing this. The immune system hiv virus carries two exact copies of RNA, which is regarded as its primary genetic material or genome present in the center of the organism. Its membrane-bound protein is capable of binding to a specific protein within the surface of immune cells that’s named as T-cells.

T-Cells

The binding of these organisms into the T-cells contributes to the vulnerability of its inner core with the last phases involving the detecting of the virus’ RNA genetic material. Most immune system facts have suggested it is a system in the body composed of interrelated organs and cells. Generally it’s made up of two major types of cells that are the T-cells and B-cells. B-cells are liable for manufacturing immune organic antibodies. Every time foreign components, such as virus, infections and germs, invade the body the immune system becomes active to ward off these undesirable elements.

T-cells and B-cells immediately come to the rescue and begins attacking the danger, which contributes to the whole elimination of the undesirable foreign agent. The immune system reacts to the attack differently based on the kind of viruses attacking the body. HIV virus greatly impacts the role of the immune system. It wreak havoc within the body leading to a malfunctioning immune support.

Dobrze wiedzieć

Additionally, the virus may also infect other cells in the body such as the macrophages and other kinds of cells. Since CD4 (a sort of HIV receptor) interacts with the helper T-cells, it directly infects the cells which are responsible for the activation of B-cells in addition to cytotoxic T-cell responses. Take note that without the existence of T-cells the body won’t be capable of correctly generating antibodies, and HIV can’t be effectively eradicated.

Furthermore, the virus may replicate and multiply – a process which will continue until a significant number of T-cells are lost and damaged. The battle of the human immune system against the HIV virus is an endless battle. Up to date, no cure has been discovered to completely remove the hiv virus. When it continues to progress, it is going to lead to the development of AIDS.

Wniosek

Although not all HIV-positive patients will progress to AIDS, the complications it carries will be a significant concern. A compromised immune system makes them vulnerable to all kinds of diseases therefore regular check-ups and establishing ways to construct your immune system will help to delay the development of complications.