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¿Cómo utilizar los antibióticos para el acné?

When puberty starts, young individuals start to experience a huge array of developmental physical, physiological and psychological changes. The apparent physical changes include muscle and beard development in young men, and young guys, with the onset of menses, also begin to develop breasts and wider hips.

Cambios hormonales

Additionally, the normal progressions toward maturity produce rapid hormone changes often causing mood swings and the often embarrassing side effect of Acne Vulgaris. More commonly called just acne, breakouts or pimples, Acne Vulgaris is caused by an overproduction of the skin oil glands. When this extra oil combines with dead skin cells and surface dust, it creates hardened blockages in the ducts leading to the surface of the skin-these are usually called blackheads or whiteheads. Sometimes these blockages generate a localized disease, which manifests as pimples or Acne breakouts just under the surface of the skin.

Needless to say, there are other factors that contribute to the growth of Acne breakouts, such as genetics and diet, but dermatologists have a great many choices available to them for its own treatment. The treatment of Acne is now a multi-million dollar market. Although Acne might appear very superficial and irrelevant compared to many other ailments, its effects on the psychological and spiritual wellbeing of adolescents can have far reaching effects. The scars left by acne is one of the primary causes of reduced self-esteem among young adults, and has long reaching effects even for adults.

Tratamientos

Por ello, los dermatólogos y los investigadores médicos trabajan constantemente en la creación de mejores opciones de tratamiento. Desgraciadamente, no hay... Acné Vulgaris ya que hay muchos elementos diversos que contribuyen a su crecimiento. Sin embargo, los profesionales médicos han estado aplicando varios medicamentos orales diferentes para su tratamiento. Algunos de ellos tienen efectos secundarios indeseables, y otros no pueden utilizarse en condiciones específicas (como durante el embarazo o hasta una edad determinada), pero suelen ser eficaces para controlar el acné.

Ejemplos de medicamentos comúnmente recetados y sus efectos. A continuación se presenta una lista de los fármacos más recetados para el tratamiento del acné. Aunque estos remedios tienen resultados positivos para muchos consumidores, existen efectos secundarios que deben tenerse en cuenta al tomarlos. Además, no hay ningún medicamento que funcione para todo el mundo, por lo que a veces un enfermo de acné puede necesitar probar varias opciones de tratamiento. Hay que tener en cuenta que esta lista no es exhaustiva ni completa, sino que está pensada como una visión general de las opciones de tratamiento disponibles en la actualidad. En el tratamiento del acné se utilizan varios antibióticos por vía oral. Las investigaciones han demostrado que muchos antibióticos mejoran el acné y se recetan con frecuencia para el acné persistente, de moderado a grave. Como todos estos fármacos, sólo deben ser administrados por un médico experimentado.

Toma nota

  • Cortisteroides: Esta poderosa terapia antibiótica sólo debe prescribirse para casos muy graves de acné, y sólo debe tomarse durante intervalos cortos. Los efectos secundarios metabólicos de los esteroides han sido bien documentados y si se consumen en grandes cantidades, o durante largos intervalos, pueden tener impactos a largo plazo en las capacidades reproductivas de los jóvenes. Debido a esto, no se sugieren para la mayoría de los casos de la terapia del acné.
  • Tetracycline: Tetracycline has been the most commonly prescribed acne cure for several years. It has had great results for moderate-to-severe acne. The typical dosages vary from 500 to 1000 milligrams daily, and dose is decreased as the skin condition improves. Tetracycline was associated with decreased bone growth and teeth staining, and for that reason it’s not suitable for children under the age of eight. Because of its effects on bone growth, it’s also not an appropriate selection for nursing or pregnant women. Other common side effects include increased sun sensitivity, nausea and diarrhea.
  • Minocycline and Doxycycline: Derived from Tetracycline, study suggests that these drugs might be more effective in treating Acne. Both medications have greater concentrations in the cells and have been associated with more effective and more rapid improvements in observable Acne. Doxycycline can cause sore throats or heart burn and must be taken with considerable amounts of water. Minocycline has been related to drug induced lupus symptoms but is the least likely of those Cycline medication to induce photosensitivity. However, skin pigmentation problems do occur with these two medications. The higher concentrations of both drugs in the cells may also result in liver reactions. Neither is suitable for use in young children or for pregnant or nursing women.
  • Erythromycin: Available in both oral and topical applications, is a safer choice for pregnant women and young children. It has the benefit antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy outcome, reducing both the cause and the effects of acne. Its oral form is simple to use but might cause some gastrointestinal upset. Additionally it is a fantastic alternative for those people who are allergic to penicillin and the cyclines.
  • Isotretinoin: Derived from Retinoid A, this antibiotic is a revolutionary new treatment that’s been shown to be extremely effective in treating acute and treatment resistant Acne. Clinical trials have shown it to be beneficial for many kinds of Acne, but there are lots of side effects attributed to Isotretinoin. These include acute effects such as birth defects, excessive dryness of mucous membranes and skin, depression, inflammatory bowel disease and erectile dysfunction.

Conclusión:

Hay muchos otros efectos más leves que deben ser discutidos a fondo con un médico antes de prescribir este medicamento. Además, existe un desacuerdo entre los profesionales de la medicina en cuanto a los niveles de dosis necesarios para obtener resultados óptimos y los efectos a largo plazo todavía se están investigando.