¿Qué tipos de artritis pueden desarrollar los niños?

Arthritis isn’t a health condition allowed for adults. In actuality, approximately 300,000 children in the USA suffer from juvenile arthritis or esophageal autoimmune disorder, which are the terms used to describe arthritis in children. What is Juvenile Arthritis (JA)? Juvenile arthritis isn’t in itself a disease, but it’s rather a term used to describe many different inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, or pediatric rheumatoid ailments that could influence children younger than 16 years old.

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There are lots of unique kinds of JA and each comes with its own symptoms, causes, and treatment choices. This is the most common sort of JA. This condition induces the immune system to attack the body’s cells by error, which contributes to inflammation of the joints and other regions of the body. Causes: Idiopathic really means “of unknown origin.” There’s no known cause for most kinds of JIA. The only lead so far is research that reveals a genetic predisposition in certain children to develop this illness.

Tratamiento

Unfortunately, there’s no known treatment for JIA. However, with an early diagnosis and aggressive therapy the child can attain a state of remission, where the swelling and pain are controlled. JIA treatment will be determined by a doctor and may include medication, lifestyle alterations, eye and dental care.

  • Subtypes: There are 6 subtypes of JIA: Systemic JIA, Oligoarticular JIA, Polyarticular JIA, Juvenile Psoriatic Arthirits, Enthesitis-related JIA, and Undifferentiated Arthritis. This condition causes muscle fatigue and skin rashes, and it’s an inflammatory disease. JDM affects mostly children between 5 – 10 years old.
  • Causes: The cause of JDM is unknown, but there’s reason to believe that it’s related to abnormalities in the immune system, which contributes to inflammation and damage of the muscle tissues and blood vessels.
  • Treatment: The purpose of treatment is to decrease inflammation and enhance function. Some medications which may be prescribed include anti-inflammatories and intravenous immunoglobulin.
  • Other sort of treatments necessary might be: physical therapy, speech therapy, and skin protective products. Lupus is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body.
  • Causes: The probable causes of Lupus are unknown, but it’s believed that Lupus is connected to genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors.
  • Common Symptoms: Symptoms vary depending on the organ being influenced. Lupus patients frequently go on periods of remission where they pose no symptoms.
  • Treatment: The treatment is directed at managing the symptoms and preventing complications. Treatment may include drugs, dietary changes, and exercise.
  • Scleroderma is a set of conditions that leads to the tissue or skin to harden. It may affect the skin, muscle, joints, bones, and, in the most severe cases, critical internal organs.
  • Causes: Scleroderma is due to the immune system mistaking the body’s cells as foreign invaders and assaulting them. This contributes to inflammation and hardening of the tissues. It’s believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in triggering this disorder.
  • Common Symptoms: Symptoms vary depending on if the individual suffers from systemic or localized scleroderma. Localized scleroderma is characterized by thickened or thinned skin which becomes darker or lighter, and it will become glossy or smooth in appearance. Systemic scleroderma affects the internal organs and may also appear in the skin of the fingers, palms, forearms, and face.
  • Treatment: There is no known cure for juvenile sclerodermanonetheless, the disease can go into remission with the correct care. Topical medications and systemic drugs may be used.
  • Kawasaki diseases is an uncommon condition where the blood vessels get inflamed causing high fever, rashes, and joint swelling and pain. This disease can lead to long-term heart problems if not addresses correctly.
  • Causes: The cause of Kawasaki disease is yet unknown. It’s believed that an infection might play a role in triggering it.
  • Treatment: Patients with Kawasaki disease have to be treated immediately in a hospital.
  • Fibromyalgia isn’t a disease but a group of symptoms such as fatigue, pain, and memory problems which can be handled and aren’t life threatening.
  • Causes: The causes of fibromyalgia are unknown. There are lots of studies which indicate that injury, injury, or disease may be connected to the onset of the condition.
  • Treatment: There is no known treatment for fibromyalgia but the symptoms can be managed with drugs and natural therapies. This is an uncommon disorder that presents symptoms from lupus, scleroderma, and polymyositis. The symptoms mimic those of the 3 states mentioned before and they often don’t present themselves in precisely the exact same time.
  • Treatment: Treatment depends upon which organs are involved and might contain anti-inflammatory corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs, and other medications.

Recuerde

It’s important to see a specialist for appropriate diagnosis of JA. The best sort of doctor trained to treat these diseases would be a pediatric rheumatologist, but most households have a team of different specialists take part in the care of the kid. These teams of experts might include a physical therapist, an orthopedic surgeon, a dietitian, and a counselor, amongst others.

 

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