Onychomycosis, or Tinea Unguium, is a tiny, irritating organism that lives under our fingernails and toes. It is a member of the dermatophyte group, which can also cause jock itch and ringworm. These organisms eat the keratin substance in the nails, causing it to become deformed.
This infection can sometimes be confused with psoriasis or nail ridges, which usually have the same appearance. Nail fungus is more common in people with diabetes and leukemia. This is due to a weak immune system and poor blood circulation. Due to aging, adults are more likely to get the disease. However, it’s not just about age and disease.
These fungi are resistant to the nails, which makes it difficult to treat, especially for the foot. They can be transmitted by infected nails or poor care. Nail fungus can survive in areas with less oxygen supply because they are anaerobic. They thrive in public swimming pools, gyms, and toilets.
Nail fungi thrives in moist areas so feet are often the victims, especially if they are enclosed in socks and shoes. Other common causes include nail polish, artificial nails, and misuse of nail tools. Mild irritation and reddening of the skin around the toes are early signs of fungi. Itchy and reddening of the affected areas can result. Under the nails, you may find a white or yellowish spot. It can cause unsightly discoloration and sometimes white discharges.
The cuticles can also begin to fall off as the nails thicken and crackle. These are just a few of the many side effects. However, nail fungal infections can be treated easily. There are many over-the-counter remedies that can be used. The results of topical and oral creams such as Lamisil, Tinactin Penlac, Dermisil, Tinactin, Penlac, Penlac, and Tinactin are slow but steady. Vicks VapoRub can be used on infected areas to make it cheaper. It performs as well as more expensive brands, according to testimonies.
It is safer to follow a doctor’s instructions, but some prefer home remedies like soaking the affected area in vinegar for 15-20 minutes twice daily until it disappears. A new nail will take three months to grow. If you are unsure, seek professional advice. Your podiatrist will be able to help you get rid of the fungus quicker. The infection can recur, so you may not be completely free from fungus for the rest of your life.
Preventive measures are better than curative. You can keep these fungi away by keeping your nails clean and sanitized. Regular washing is one way of de-stressing your beautiful hands and feet. After drying, sprinkle a moderate amount of powdered foot powder on top. If you have to use nail polish or artificial nails, clean the area before and afterwards. It is also a good idea to sterilize any instruments you or your salon use. These simple steps will help prevent this annoying infection.