|Meaning||The main building in the ancient Chinese architectural complex|
|Contain||Temple and church buildings|
- Temple (Chinese ancient architecture).
- The temple refers to the main building in the ancient Chinese architectural complex, including the temple and the church. The temple is dedicated to the palace, ritual and religious buildings. The purpose of the church is to worship the ancestors, and to miss the sages and heroes. It can be established by the government or civil authority. The Yuanyuan Hall and the Temple are all known in the Zhou Dynasty. The word "tang" appeared earlier, the original meaning is relative to the interior, referring to the part of the front of the building that is open to the outside. There are orders and clips on the left and right sides of the hall. There are rooms and compartments on both sides of the room.
- Such a group of buildings is collectively referred to as a church, which refers to the residence of the emperor, princes, doctors, and people. The word "Dian" appeared later, the original meaning is the high appearance of the back; for buildings, it means that its shape is tall and its status is remarkable. The earliest in the name of the single building is decorated with the word of the temple, the front hall of Ganquan built by Qin Shihuang and the front hall of Afang. The words of the temple and the church can be used initially, and later there are grade differences. In the early Western Han Dynasty, in addition to the palace outside, the Prime Minister's Church was also called the temple; after the middle of the Western Han Dynasty, the name of the temple was gradually used for the palace; after the Eastern Han Dynasty, the temple became the general name for the emperor's living, pilgrimage, feast, and sacrifice. Since then, the buildings dedicated to the Buddha in the Temple of the Taoist Temple are also called the temple. At the same time, the meaning and shape of the "tang" has also changed. Since the Han Dynasty, the church generally refers to the main buildings in the government and the house, but the secondary buildings in the palace and temple view can also be called the church, such as the "East Temple" in the palace of the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the lecture hall in the Buddhist temple, the Zhaitang, etc.
- The shape is made into a single building, and the temple and the hall can be divided into three basic parts: the stairs, the house and the roof. The steps and roof form the most visible appearance of Chinese architecture. Due to the constraints of the feudal hierarchy, the temple and the hall are different in form and structure. The difference between the temple and the church in the practice of the steps appeared earlier: the church has only the order; the temple not only has the order, but also the cymbal, that is, in addition to its own base, there is a tall platform below as the base, which is made up of long rafts. Level up and down. Therefore, it can be speculated that the temple may be the name of the building that emerged with the development of the Taichung building. There is also a difference in the form of the roof between the temple and the church. By the time of the Tang Dynasty, it was stipulated that only the temple could use the roof of the temple and use the tail; the church can only use the top of the mountain or the top of the mountain (see Damu). After the Song Dynasty, the top of the mountain was also dedicated to the palace. The official office, residential buildings, etc. can only use the mountain or hard mountain roof. Song stipulates two different ways of structure: the temple is composed of horizontal stratification (pillar, paving, roofing); the church is composed of columns and other components. The transverse beam frame is formed by joining the truss beams with members such as 檩枋. This structural difference may have originated earlier. In the Qing Dynasty, in terms of official buildings, the basic differences in the structure of the temple and the church remained.
- The layout hall is generally located in the center or main axis of the palace, temple, royal garden and other buildings. The plane is mostly rectangular, square, round, I-shaped and so on. The dimensions of the space and components of the temple are often large, and the decoration practices are more elaborate. As a main building in the government, the government, the house, and the garden, the church has various planar forms, moderate volume, structural practices and decorative materials, etc., and tends to show more local characteristics.
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